Why Im Ditching Star Ratings in 2022 2 - Misrepresentations of Autism in Fiction
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Misrepresentations of Autism in Fiction

Autism is a topic close to my heart. My eldest son (14), my husband, and I are all autistic. Let me tell you that makes for an interesting household! All of us have different ways of how it presents itself. My husband struggles with time management and I constantly must be on time or early, my son has a hard time with coordination and communication. I would like to think that we all complement each other or at the very least we are aware of each other’s struggles and can accommodate them appropriately.

 I wanted to delve into this piece because more and more often when I do read a book that has an autistic individual as the main character, they are being misrepresented. They are portrayed as a standoffish, aloof, and generally very socially awkward individual. Yes, these things can be personality traits in autistic individuals BUT they are traits that can be present in everyone neurodivergent or not. They are some of the most intelligent, creative, and understanding people – they aren’t to be feared or mistrusted. When they feel, they feel deeply, whether that’s for family members or the natural world, they feel a bone-deep love for them. They should be protected because their thoughts and feelings are so inherently pure.

Examples of autism in fiction? Well, I’ll use one example that everyone will have heard of – The Rain Man film featuring Dustin Hoffman. The 1988 portrayal of an autistic man is both stereotypical and quite damaging in bringing about awareness of Autism. The film was an instant success and although it made Autistic people visible it brought about the Autistic “Savant” viewpoint. It’s incredibly damaging to believe that these people only have interests in STEM fields or music. it’s nearly been 34 years since its release but in hindsight has it been a blessing or a curse for the autistic community?

It’s during this time that not much was known about Autism. Was it a mental illness or was it a developmental disability? I really hate when it’s referred to as a disability, I just don’t personally see it that way. We are differently-abled – we see the world differently, sure, we can feel the different spectrums of emotion and we can most definitely think outside the box. We really aren’t the cold and emotionless creatures that films like Rain Man and other works of fiction have you believe.

So, what exactly is Autism, I hear you ask? As defined by the National Autistic Society website – Autism is a spectrum condition and affects people in different ways. Like all people, autistic people have their own strengths and weaknesses. Below is a list of difficulties autistic people may share, including the two key difficulties required for a diagnosis.

They struggle with numerous challenges, including, social communication and social interaction, repetitive and restrictive behaviour, over-or under- sensitivity to light, sound, taste, or touch. Meltdown or shutdowns. Now because it is a spectrum condition, not every autistic individual will struggle with all these perhaps only one or two. Autism looks different for everyone.

Lisbeth Salander, the protagonist in the series of books, The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo by Steig Larsson is portrayed as autistic. Now, although it isn’t outrightly said that she is autistic, Mikael Blomkvist wonders aloud whether she has autism or Asperger’s. Lisbeth has the stereotypical traits of being withdrawn and not playing well with others. She also has been dealt the “savant” blow of being obsessive about data, facts, and computers.

Unfortunately, I have yet to find a true and honest account of an individual with autism. The stereotypes are rife and they are always done a disservice by how they are portrayed. Think of any character you have come across in fiction, film, or the media, have they honestly been portrayed as normal? No, they are seen as weird, obsessive, and emotionally distant. Take Sheldon Cooper from The Big Bang Theory – maybe it’s a contested point but often I think that show makes fun of those on the spectrum. The comedy might make it seem less obvious with the fun and quirky character. He’s hyper-intelligent and relationships are notoriously awkward with him – he avoids and is deadpan serious about everything.

Going to give a reasonably good example of autism on TV, which is the portrayal of Maurice Moss in The IT Crowd. Played by Richard Ayoade, we are given a rare glimpse of how these individuals can be funny, loveable, and totally likable. I can only put it down to Ayoade’s stringent research into the role because he smashes anything he is in. it’s the one role that seems to have the character embrace what he is without making it weird and stereotypical. We appreciate his genius and his wit without making it about autism spectrum disorder.

I’d love to find some books that tackle Autism in a positive and honest light. If you read something with an autistic character and believed it to be a good account, id love to read it. Also please leave your thoughts in the comment section.


  • Yesha

    Amazing post! I haven’t come across book representing autism. But I too would like to read positive representation.

  • Emma

    We are Human by Louise Beech tells the story of Sebastian who has autism (fiction)
    In Two Worlds by Ido Kedar is a novel about Anthony who has nonspeaking autism
    I gave them both 5*s on EmmabBooks.com
    Thanks for your interesting blog.

  • wittysarcasticbookclub

    This is a great post! I don’t have autism myself so I am only going based on what I read and the fact that the author is autistic, but maybe Dragon Mage by M.L Spencer? The main character is smart, yes, but not an uncaring genius. He cares deeply, which made me fall in love with his character.
    I can relate with the harm caused by “representation ” in media. I wrote a similar post about mental illness, particularly bipolar, which I have. We are usually portrayed as “unhinged “, “changeable “, even violent. In reality, those with mental illness are more likely to be the victim of violence than a “crazy” villain.
    Thank you for sharing this!

  • HCNewton

    The Rosie Project (and the two sequels) by Graeme Simsion are worth a look. Welllll, the second one was a little disappointing, IMHO, but not because of the portrayal of a man on the spectrum. Worth reading to make it to the third book.

  • Annette

    Thank you so much for sharing from your life and heart’s feelings. My 16-year-old grandson has autism. He is not shy, but he does have a hard time finding people his age who will socialize with him. It is sad. I feel for him. He only has a couple of close friends. These friends have known him most of his life. These two friends don’t label him as autistic and turn away from him. They see him as the person he is, Dawson. He is much more than the diagnosis. He is a person of character and individuality and importance as are all humans.

  • sharonsiconictravelphotographyblog

    If you met one person on the spectrum , you met one person on the spectrum. Everyone is unique, even those on the spectrum. I know of one little guy who was obsessed with vacuum cleaners. His parents picked up many different ones at garage sales. As a young guy ( 7 or 8) he could take them apart and put them back together. It does not mean everyone on the spectrum has an intense interest they are a savant in. Some are non verbal.

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